Last of the Westland Whigs

In the late 17th century, the 'Westland Whigs' were the radical descendants of earlier Covenanters who had defied the absolutist rule of Stuart kings in south west Scotland.

Monday, April 30, 2012

The Breaking of Britain 1216-1314

Locations of Norman-style mottes plus adjacent farms with Gaelic names Stewratry of Kirkcudbright

Researching the medieval society and history of Galloway, I have found the Paradox of Medieval Scotland database a very useful source. The project is now being extended to include a database of charters from Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland as The Breaking of Britain Cross Border Society and Scottish Independence 1216-1314.

Researching the Contraction of Gaelic in Galloway [also see post below], one of the problem areas was trying to work out what impact the settlement of Middle English (Older Scots) speakers associated with 'Norman-style' mottes on the language mix in Galloway might have been.[See map above]

 The situation is confused since there is an overlap between some of the place names Daphne Brooke [Northumbrian Settlement in Galloway and Carrick, PSAS 1991] identified as Old English and locations Chris Tabraham  [Norman Settlement in Galloway, 1984] identified as possessing either 'Norman-style' mottes and/or charter evidence for non-native (usually Cumbrian) land-ownership.

I suspect that most of Brooke's Northumbrian/ Old English place names are actually twelfth/ thirteenth century in origin, but it is difficult to prove.


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